Sports (or physical activity) is any form of organized or recreational physical activity that, through either organized or casual competition, attempt to employ, develop or enhance physical prowess and abilities while also providing entertainment for participants, and occasionally, spectators. Some common sports include football (often referred to as “friendly” or “adult” sports), ice hockey, rugby, baseball, basketball, softball, basket ball, track and field, golf and wrestling. A large number of people engage in such sports for fun or for a particular purpose. Others participate in sports as a way to be fit or to build up strength or stamina. These activities are usually seen as games but are often considered to be vigorous exercises as well.
Various sports have been developed over the years in order to create new or unique athletic activity. In modern times, some of the most popular sports are ice skating, swimming, surfing, horseback riding, rugby, tennis, volleyball and basketball. Some of these sports are even offered as part of Olympic Games. The most popular form of physical activity that has become widely accepted as an athletic event is swimming. Because of this, swimming has become one of the most pursued sports throughout the world today.
Sports are developed for various reasons. Traditionally, sports were developed as a way to test man’s mettle and physical strength. This was especially so during the days of the Renaissance when people were looking for ways to prove their manliness in order to be taken seriously in society. The Renaissance Period had introduced a new concept of how humans should view themselves. Instead of viewing human beings as being “soft,” the Renaissance Period thought that humans should view them as being “hard.” Thus, during this time period, the development of many physical education, or sports, was undertaken to increase the ability of people to be hardy enough to compete in combative sports.
Sports also help develop social skills in children, since it is through sports that children learn to become competitive with others. Competitive sports help build muscle, which is beneficial to young adolescents and children. Not only do these sports help increase bone strength but they also improve cardiovascular fitness and help improve muscular tone. In fact, the development of muscles helps develop the body’s overall coordination.
Today, many people are turning to extreme sports such as skydiving and mountain climbing. These sports are done without the use of equipment, which makes them far more difficult and challenging than traditional sports. However, while equipment may make these sports more difficult, there is no question that it helps increase the challenge and physical action. Another reason why people turn to extreme sports is the extreme element of the activity. Most people have watched someone literally dive from a great height or go through a very difficult fall. This sort of physical escapade requires incredible strength and grace, which many people lack, which is why many people choose to pursue the sport as a means of achieving the above mentioned goals.
Autotelic sports, such as football and hockey are examples of typical autotelic sports. Autotelic sport can be defined as any type of sport requiring one to take their physical challenges on mentally. While many sports require physical contests, the types of sports that often require mental challenges are football and hockey.