Beauty is commonly defined as an aesthetic feature of certain objects which makes these objects aesthetically pleasing to perceive. These objects may include beautiful sunsets, landscapes, beautiful humans and exquisite works of art. Beauty, along with beauty, is perhaps the most important theme of aesthetics, arguably, one of the most important branches of modern philosophy. It can also be said that beauty is subjective, which means that there is no universal definition of beauty. Rather, what one person sees as beauty may be completely different from another’s idea of beauty.
Aesthetics has many different schools of thought, each identifying beauty in different ways. Most aesthetics scholars agree however on the fact that beauty is determined by three separate components: composition, meaning and appearance. While some may disagree about beauty entirely, all agree that beauty exists independently of personal opinion, and that beauty can be objectively measured.
Composition refers to the way that an object made up of parts appears as a whole. Parts are seen as parts when they are joined and the entire picture as a whole. It could be said that beauty is determined by parts because one cannot talk about beauty in any other way, and one cannot talk about parts without also talking about parts. A part is never more than a single component of a whole. For instance, looking at a car and trying to determine its engine is impossible, but just seeing the engine and a part of it could be considered beauty.
Meaning is the second component of beauty. Each part of an object has a meaning. This meaning is not seen unless it is discovered through experience. Therefore, each part of an object has both a direct and indirect relationship to the whole and its meaning. For example, an apple is beautiful because every time you see it, you realize it is an apple, and once you use it, you understand that it is an apple, but a particular part of it gives a different meaning to its appearance, such as the wart that grows on the top of it.
Masculinity refers to the way a person looks, as well as his/her behavior. For example, physically attractive people are generally outgoing and confident. They are not afraid to display their beauty in public and are not afraid to take the risk of rejection. On the other hand, shy and confident people are typically the kinds of people who have a more stable self-image, are less likely to let their appearance or behavior stand out, and are seen as being very pleasant and confident.
Beauty is not only seen in the eye of the beholder, but in reality only a small number of units wide. Only a very small number of units in width can be considered to be absolutely beautiful. Thus, for each unit in width, there are millions of beautiful apples (e.g., you find an apple one unit wide, and two units wide, and so on). Thus, the perception of beauty varies from a small number of units wide to millions of units wide, and the average beautiful face constitutes only a very small percentage of those units in width.